Occam's razor favors the simplest answer. The Old Testament authors simply believed the earth is fixed and wrote what they believed. The simple explanation is plausible because people living in that region at that time didn't know the earth moves. [1]

The Bible

1 Chronicles 16:30: "He has fixed the earth firm, immovable." [2]

Psalm 93:1: "Thou hast fixed the earth immovable and firm ..." [3]

Psalm 96:10: "He has fixed the earth firm, immovable ..." [4]

Psalm 104:5: "Thou didst fix the earth on its foundation so that it never can be shaken." [5] [2]

1 Chronicles 16:30: Fear before him, all the earth: the world also shall be stable, that it be not moved.[6]

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The Bible and science

  1. The Bible doesn't say the earth orbits and rotates in ways impossible for humans to change.
  2. The Bible says the earth has firm foundations and isn't moving.

Believers try to reconcile the immovable earth in the Bible with the moving earth that modern Science shows is real. This involves complex unprovable assumptions. Remember Occam's razor tells us we should prefer simple explanations with few assumptions rather than complex explanations with many assumptions.

Complex assumptions

  1. Believers must assume the Bible is divinely inspired while other supposed sacred texts from other religions that contradict the Bible are false Superstition. There is no reason to treat the Bible differently from other supposed sacred texts.
  2. Believers must assume the inspiring Deity chose ambiguous language open to misinterpretation. Especially before Heliocentrism came to be widely known the Bible seemed to show a fixed earth. Why should a deity go to the trouble of inspiring a sacred text and leave the language unclear?

Unsurprisingly believers end up with complex explanations for references to a fixed earth [3] These explanations are less plausible.

  1. As shown above the Bronze Age and Iron Age people who wrote the Old Testament didn't know the earth moves and the simplest explanation is that they wrote what they mistakenly believed.
  2. The simple explanation is plausible because people living in that region at that time didn't know the earth moves.
  3. The simplest explanation is that the Bible is mythology similar to other Mythology of the time and that the Bible is untrue. [4]

See also

There is a good and a a bad side to Christianity, see the category page

References and footnotes

  1. Ancient Greek astronomer, Aristarchus of Samos proposed a Heliocentric theory but he lived in a different area and well after most of the Old Testament was written. Historians know of no earlier heliocentric theories than the theory of Aristarchus. In any case Aristarchus didn't have much of a following and heliocentrism didn't become popular till Copernicus, Galileo, and Kepler made their discoveries millennia later.
  2. Geocentrism
  3. [1]
  4. One thing that's really hard to explain is why in the 21st century so many people still take seriously texts written by Bronze Age and Iron Age people who didn't even understand the dynamics of the Solar system.

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