Otto Rank (April 22, 1884 – October 31, 1939) was a prolific Austrian psychoanalyst and close colleague of Sigmund Freud. His work on The Myth of the Birth of the Hero featured a predecessor of Lord Raglan's hero profile:
- The hero is the child of most distinguished parents, usually the son of a king.
- His origin is preceded by difficulties, such as continence, or prolonged barrenness, or secret intercourse of the parents due to external prohibition or obstacles.
- During or before the pregnancy, there is a prophecy, in the form of a dream or oracle, cautioning against his birth, and usually threatening danger to the father (or his representative).
- As a rule, he is surrendered to the water, in a box.
- He is then saved by animals, or by lowly people (shepherds), and is suckled by a female animal or by an humble woman.
- After he has grown up, he finds his distinguished parents, in a highly versatile fashion.
- He takes his revenge on his father, on the one hand, and is acknowledged, on the other.
- Finally he achieves rank and honors.
Rank discussed Sargon, Moses, Karna, Oedipus, Paris, Telephus, Perseus, Gilgamesh, Cyrus, Tristan, Romulus, Hercules, Jesus Christ, Siegfried, Lohengrin, and several others, though he did not score them against his profile, as Lord Raglan did. Jesus Christ fits fairly well, though not nearly as well as he fits Lord Raglan's profile.